Damascus and Mokumé stratified stack cut stratified stack
Mokumé bead on Damascus steel

The process begins by making a multi-layered or stratified stack of two or more different metals. By applying heat and pressure, these layers are welded together into one homogenous block known as a billet. The billet is then manipulated in various ways such as twisting, punching and chiselling before being forged out into a piece of usable metal. This metal now has inherant surface patterns. Acid etching is sometimes used as part of the process to develop and enhance the effect.

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